City / Bibliography

Lynch, Kevin et al. The view from the road. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1964.

Venturi, Robert et al. Learning from Las Vegas. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1972.

Augè, Marc. Nonluoghi. Milano: Eleuthera, 1993.

Boeri, Stefano at al. Mutations, New York: Actar, 2001.

Boeri, Stefano and Multiplicity (Firm). Use uncertain state of Europe. A trip through a changing Europe. Milano: Skira, 2003.

Rocca, Alessandro. Natura artificialis. Il progetto dell’ambiente e l’architettura del paesaggio. Milano: Clup, 2003.

Caffo, Leonardo and Muzzonigro, Azzurra. Costruire Futuri. Milano: Bompiani, 2018.

Careri, Francesco and Tiberghien Gilles A. Walkscapes: Camminare come pratica estetica. Torino: Einaudi, 2006.

Dimendberg, Edward. “The kinetic icon: Reyner Banham on Los Angeles as mobile metropolis. In Urban History 33, Special Issue: Urban icons (2006), 106-125.

Aureli, Pier Vittorio, The Possibility of an Absolute Architecture (Writing Architecture). Cambridge: MIT Press, 2011.

City / Film exhibition articles

Van Berkel, Ben. “Futuro a prova di futuro” in Domus Green, La Città dell’uomo, Domus 1016 (2017), 30-33.

Agorà magazine. “How will we live together?” in Agorà Magazine (2020).

City / Websites

BBC ONE. “Planet Earth II: Cities”. 11 Dec 2016. <>.

The Economist, “The World If”. Accessed July, 2021.  <>.

Flash Art. “Smentire la storiografia. Una conversazione con Stefano Boeri”. June 15 2020. <>.

Amaze cultural lab. “Multiplicity”. Accessed July, 2021. <>.

TED. “Il modo in cui le megacittà stanno cambiando il mondo”. Accessed July, 2021. <>.

TED. “How cities are detoxing transportations”. Accessed July, 2021. <>. 

City / Projects

Matté Trucco, Fiat Lingotto Factory, Turin (Italy), 1916-1923.

Le Corbusier, Urban Plan for Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brasil), 1929.

Le Corbusier, Plan Obus, Algiers (France), 1933.

Gruen Associates, Northland Shopping Center, Southfield Township (Michigan), 1954.

Mathias Goeritz and Luis Barragàn, Torres de Satelite, Mexico City (Mexico), 1957.

Alison and Peter Smithson and Peter Sigmond, Berlin Hauptstadt, Berlin (Germany) 1957-1958.

Giovanni Michelucci, Chiesa di San Giovanni Battista, Campi Bisenzio (Italy), 1960-1964.

Eero Saarinen, Gateway Arch, St. Louis, (USA), 1963-65.

Friedrich Zwingmann, Autobahnkirche St. Christophorus, Baden-Baden (Germany), 1965.

Paul Rudolph, Lower Manhattan Expressway, New York (Kew York), 1967-1972.

Kiyonori Kikutake, Stratiform Structure Module, 1977.

Pietro Connsagra et al, Gibellina nuova, Gibellina (Italy), 1982.

OMA, Euralille, Lille (France), 1989.

Rafael Moneo, Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, Los Angeles (California), 1996-2002.

Kariya Highway Oasis, Kariya (Japan), 1999 – 2005.

Wolf R. Bürhaus, Emmauskapelle, Stuttgart, (Germany), 2005.

RPBW, Il Vulcano Buono, Nola (Italy), 1995-2007.

Gigon / Guyer, Swiss Museum of Transport, Lucerne (Switzerland), 2005-2009.

Schneider + Schuhmacher, Highway church on the A45, Siegerland (Germany), 2009-2013.

Dogma, Locomotiva 3, Turin (Italy), 2010.

Dogma, Ladders, Aalst (Belgium), 2011.

Mies Van de Rohe and Architects FABG, Gas Station, Montreal (Canada), 1966-2017.

MVRDV, Airbus UAM, 2018.

Herzog & De Meuron, Autobahn Kirche, A13 Highway, Andeer (Switzerland), 2020.

RPBW, Cern Science Gateway, Geneva (Switzerland), 2018-in progress.


Forest / Bibliography

Thoreau, Henry. D. Walden: Or, Life in the Wood. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1854.
(trad. it., Walden ovvero Vita nei boschi, Milano: Rizzoli, 1988.)

London, Jack. The Call of the Wild. New York:  The Macmillan Company, 1903.

Faulkner, William. Big Woods, New York: Random House, 1955
(Trad. It. La grande foresta, Milano: Adelphi, 2002).

Calvino, Italo. Il barone rampante, Torino: Einaudi, 1957.

Cassola, Carlo. Il taglio del bosco, Torino: Einaudi, 1959.

Ballard, James G. La foresta di cristallo. Milano: Longanesi, 1975.

Harrison, Robert Pogue. Forests: The Shadow of Civilization. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

McHarg, Ian. L. Design with nature. New York: John Wiley & sons, 1992.

Kaczynski, Theodore. J. Industrial Society and Its Future, Columbia: Anarchy: A Journal Of Desire Armed, 1995.

Schama, Simon. Landscape and Memory. New York: Knopf, 1995.
(trad. it. Paesaggio e memoria. Milano: Mondadori, 1997.)

Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness., Torino: Einaudi,1995.

Serres, Michel. The Natural Contract, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1995.

Bois, Yve-Alain and Krauss, E. Rosalind, Formless. A user's guide. New York: Zone Books, 1997.

Polidori, Robert and Culbert Elisabeth. Zones of Exclusion: Pripyat and Chernobyl. New York: Steidl & Pace/MacGill, 2003.

Rocca, Alessandro. Architettura naturale. Milano: 22publishing, 2006.
(edizione americana: Natural Architecture, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2007.; edizione francese: Architecture naturelle. Arles: Actes Sud, 2007).

Weisman, Alan. The World Without Us, New York: St. Martin’s Tho­mas Dunne, 2007.
(trad. it. Il mondo senza di noi, Torino: Einaudi, 2017.)

Rocca, Alessandro. (a cura di). Gilles Clément. Nove giardini planetari. Milano: 22publishing, 2007. (edizione in inglese: Planetary Gardens. The Landscape Architecture of Gilles Clément. Milano: 22publishing, 2008. // Basel: Birkhäuser; edizione francese: 2007, Gilles Clément. Neuf jardins, approche du jardine planétaire, Arles: Actes Sud.)

Rocca, Alessandro (a cura di). Costruire naturale, Siracusa: LetteraVentidue, 2008.

Berre, Nina and Hege, Lysholm. Detour: Architecture and design along 18 national tourist routes in Norway. Norway: Nasjoale Turisteveger, 2008.

Colomina, Beatriz and Wigley, Mark. Ecology without Nature. Rethinking Environmental Aesthetics. Cambridge: Harvard University, 2009.   

Colomina, Beatriz and Wigley, Mark. Are we human? Notes on an Archaeology of Design. Baden: Lars Muller Publishers, 2016.

Antonelli, Paola (a cura di). Broken nature. Milano: Electa, 2019.

Koolhaas, Rem. Countryside. A report. Colonia: Taschen, 2020.

Leveratto, Jacopo. Posthuman Architecture: A Catalogue of Archetypes. USA: Applied Research and Design Publishing, 2021

Forest / Film, exhibition, articles

Gordon Matta-Clark, Program Two: Tree Dance, 1971.

Coppola, Francis Ford. Apocalypse Now, 1979

Krauss, Rosalind. Sculpture in the expanded field. Cambridge: The Mit Press, n.8 (1979), 30-44.

Tarkovskij, Andrej. Stalker. Lungometraggio, 1979.

Jarmusch, Jim. Down by law, 1986.

Fukasaku, Kinji. Battle Royale. lungometraggio, 2000.

Navigator 7 - Il paesaggio delle freeway, Milano: Editoriale Lotus, 2002.

Chapman Jake & Dinos. Fucking Hell, nine parts. Milano: Fondazione Prada, 2008.

Peeples, Jennifer. “Toxic Sublime: Imaging Contaminated Landscapes” in Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture (2011), 373-392.

Lystra, Margot. “Drawing Natures: US Highway Location, Representational Techniques and the Rise of ecological Design.” In Journal of Design History 30 n 2 (2016), 151-171.

“Rise of ecological Design.”in Journal of Design History 30 (2016), 157-171.

Coppola, Mario and Caffo, Leonardo. “L’architettura del postumano” in Domus Green, La Città dell’uomo, Domus 1016 (2017), 8-11.

Sigler, Jennifer. Into the woods. in Harvard Design Magazine, no. 45 (2018).

Forest / Websites

Independent. “How we must adjust our lifestyles to nature: Welcome to the 'Anthropocene', the human epoch”. <>.

“Stalker attraverso i territori attuali” Accessed July, 2021. <>

Environment & Society Portal. “Home”. Accessed July, 2021.  <>.

Boeri, Stefano Boeri Architetti. “Urban Forestry, a call for action”. Accessed July, 2021.  <>.

The Economist, “Rem Koolhaas sees the future in countryside”. Accessed July, 2021.  <>.

TED. “A climate change solution that's right under our feet”. Accessed July, 2021. <>.

Youtube. “The Rights of Nature: A Global Movement - Feature Documentary”.  Accessed July, 2021. <>.

Youtube. “Black Ecologies Debate”. Accessed July, 2021. <>.

Guggenheim Museum. “Rem Koolhaas at Guggenheim.” January 28, 2020 <>.

Melbourne School of Design. “MTALKS - Rem Koolhaas and David Gianotten on countryside.” October 3, 2017 <

Peak Finder. “Landscape views from specific observation points”. Accessed June, 2021 <>. 

Cambio. “Introduction.” Accessed June, 2021 <>.

Forest / Projects

Affonso Eduardo Reidy and Roberto Burle Marx, Flamengo Park, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), 1965.

Lawrence Halprin, Freeway Park, Seattle (Washington), 1972.

Ricardo Bofill, La Pyramide, Col du Perthus (France), 1975.

James Wines, Best forest building, Richmond (Virginia), 1980.

Lucien den Arend, Land Art in Lelystad, Lelystad (The Netherlands), 1986.

Bernard Lassus, Nîmes-Caissargues Rest Area, Nimes (France), 1981-1994.

Bernard Lassus, The Crazannes Quarries, Crazannes (France), 1995.

Internationale Bauausstellung Emscher Park (Iba), Emscher Landscape Park, Ruhr area (Germany), 1989-1999.

RPBW, Paul Klee Zentrum, Bern (Switzerland), 1999 – 2005.

Weiss / Manfredi, Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle (Washington), 2007.

b720 Fermin Vàzquez arquitectos, Diagonal Poble Nou Park, Barcelona (Spain), 2007.

Jones and Jones, Vancouver Land Bridge, Vancouver (Washington), 2008.

Dogma, Ramones, Taichung (Taiwan), 2011.

Dogma, Fields, Gardens and Workshops, Osong Biovalley (South Korea), 2011.

Augurt Fischer, Teshima Art Museum, Teshima (Japan), 2011.

Studio Anne Holtrop, Museum Fort Vechten, Bunnik (Netherlands), 2015.

Stephen Caffyn Landscape Design, Eco-Link@BKE Bridge, Singapore (Japan), 2015.

Studio Puisto Architects, Rest Area, Niemenharju (Finland), 2016.

Manal Rachdi Oxo Architectes + Sou Fujimoto Architects, Mille Arbres, Paris (France), 2016-in progress.

A50 highway overpass. Veluwe, Netherlands.

Wildlife overpass. Banff National Park, Canada.


Infrastructure / Bibliography

Tunnard, Christopher. B. P. Man-made America: chaos or control?. Yale: Yale University Press, 1962.

Corner, James and MacLean, Alex S. Taking Measures. Across the American Landscape. Yale: Yale University Press, 2000.

Maffioletti, Serena and Rocchetto, Stefano. Infrastrutture e paesaggi contemporanei. Padova: il Poligrafo, 2002.

Calabrese, Luisa M. and Houben, F. Mobility a room with a view. Rotterdam: NAI publisher, 2003.

Ambrosini, Gustavo and Berta, Mauro. Paesaggi a molte velocità infrastrutture e progetto del territorio in Piemonte. Roma: Meltemi, 2004.

G.Delbene, M.Giberti. "Infrascape" in Area 79, 2005.

Abrams, Hall et al. Else/where mapping new cartographies of networks and territories. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Design Institute, 2006.

Bonino, Michele and Massimo Moraglio, Inventare gli spostamenti: Storia e immagini dell'autostrada Torino-Savona. Torino: Allemandi, 2006.

Colafranceschi, Simone. Autogrill, una storia italiana. Bologna: il Mulino, 2007.

Desportes, Marc. Paesaggi in movimento trasporti e percezione dello spazio tra 18. e 20. secolo. Milano: Libri Scheiwiller, 2008.

Greco, Laura. Architetture autostradali in Italia progetto e costruzione negli edifici per l'assistenza ai viaggiatori.Roma: Gangemi, 2010.

Shannon, Kelly and Smets, Marcel. The landscape of contemporary infrastructure. Rotterdam: Nai publishers, 2010.

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets. Washington: AASHTO, 2010.

Guarino, Carmine and Pisano, Pasquale. Paesaggi infrastrutturali verso una mobilità sostenibile. Cinisello Balsamo: Silvana, 2011.

Albrecht, Benno et al. L'architettura del mondo, infrastrutture, mobilità, nuovi paesaggi. Bologna: Compositori, 2012.

Gritti, Andrea. Mi-Bg 49 km visti dall’autostrada. Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino, 2015.

Lim, CJ. Inhabitable infrastructure: science fiction or urban future?. New York: Routledge, 2017.

Infrastructure / Film, exhibition, articles

Roads, New Exhibition At Museum Of Modern Art, 1971.

Bonomo, Fabrizio. “Aree di riposo” in Kineo 16 n. 4 (1998), 20-24.

G.Delbene, M.Gibert.i "Infrascape” in Area 79, (2005).

McCann, Hannah. “Culture” in Architect 98 n 5 (2009), 35-37.

Antonson, Hans et al. “Cultural heritage connectivity. A tool for EIA in transportation infrastructure planning”. (2010), 463-472.

Picon, Antoine. “Technology, Virtuality, Materiality” in The SAGE Handbook of Architectural Theory (2012), 501-513.

Chapman, Ralph. “Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change” in Journal of Urban Design (2014), 147-149.

Hansen, Mikael. “Organic Highway” in Revolve n. 15 (2015), 76.

Cerri, Susanna. “Architettura di comunicazione. Cavalli alati, cani a sei zampe e gatti selvatici lungo il “bordo stradale” in Firenze Architettura (2017), 138-145.

Bergmann, Kai Uwe . “L’evoluzione del design nell’era dei dati” in Domus Green, La Città dell’uomo, Domus 1016 (2017), 24-26.

Menard, Raphael. “Infrastrutture per la progettazione digitale” in Domus Green, La Città dell’uomo, Domus 1016 (2017), 30-36.

Young, Liam. “Machine Landscapes: Architectures of the Post Anthropocene” in Architectural design n. 259 (2019).

Costa, Paolo. “Architetture lungo le autostrade” in Trasporti e Cultura n. 58 (2020).

Infrastructure / Websites

The Economist, “Open Future:A global conversation on the role of markets, technology and freedom in the 21st century”. Accessed July, 2021.  <>.

Caruso St John. “Making Plans for Living Together - Final Review” Accessed June, 2021 <>

Infrastructure / Projects

Angelo Bianchetti, Autogrill Pavesi, Novara (Italy), 1947.

Angelo Bianchetti, Autogrill Pavesi, Lainate (Italy), 1958.

Angelo Bianchetti, Autogrill Pavesi, Fiorenzuola d’Arda (Italy), 1959.

Lieuwe Op’y Land and Melchiorre Bega, Mottagrill, Cantagallo (Italy), 1961.

Rino Tami, Gotthard tunnel, South portal, Mendrisio (Switzerland), 1963.

Cedric Price, Potteries Thinkbelt, Staffordshire (England), 1964-66.

Angelo Bianchetti, Autogrill Pavesi, Montepulciano (Italy), 1967.

Pier Luigi Nervi and Melchiorre Bega, Mottagrill, Limena (Italy), 1967.

Costantino Dardi, KAABA - Agip Gas station, Mestre/Bazzera (Italy), 1969.

Superstudio, Monumento Continuo, 1969.

Jacques Moeschal, Highway sculptures, 1960s-1970s.

Autogrill Pavesi, Nocera (Italy), 1971.

Trans-Amazonian Highway, (Brazil), 1972.

Renato Salvi and Flora Ruchat-Roncati, Ventilation Control Unit, Terri Nord Swiss Highway N16 (Switzerland), 1989-1998.

Mario Botta, Rest Area in Piotto, Tessin (Switzerland),1993-1998.

Foster and Partners, Repsol Service Station, Madrid, (Spain), 1996-1998.

Philippe Samyn, Service Station, Houtem (Netherlands), 1998-1999.

Philippe Samyn, Totalfina Service Station, Hellebecq (Belgium), 1999.

Jurg Conzett, Pedestrian bridge, Grisons (Switzerland), 1999.

Philippe Samyn, Service Stations Projects, Nivelles-Nijvel (Belgium), 1998-2001.

Zaha Hadid, Hoenheim Terminal, Strasbourg (France), 2001.

Philippe Samyn, Rest Area, Thieu (Belgium), 2002.

Millau Viaduct Rest Area, Millau (France), 2004.

Maurice Nio, Touch of Evil, Pijnaker (The Netherlands), 2004.

Dogma, Parallel Tirana, Tirana (Albania), 2004.

ONL (Kas Oosterhuis, Ilona Lènàrd), Cockpit and Acoustic Barrier, Leidsche Rijn/Utrecht (Netherlands), 2005.

Philippe Samyn, Service Stations, Aire de Ruisbroeck (Belgium), 2006.

Mansilla + Tuñón Arquitectos, Automotion Museum, Madrid (Spain), 2006.

Atelier Jean Nouvel, Kilometro Rosso, Bergamo (Italy), 2001 – 2007.

Esposito & Javet, Halle de Lavage, Payerne (Switzerland), 2004-2007.

Baserga Mozzetti, Ponte sulla Melezza, Moneto (Switzerland), 2005 – 2007.

Philippe Samyn, Spy Rest Area, Jemeppe-sur-Sambre (Belgium), 2005-2008.

Bkk Architects, Calder Woodburn Rest Area, Shepparton (Australia), 2008.

Marte.Marte Architects, Alfenz Bridge, Montafon (Austria), 2010.

Sauders Architecture, Solberg Tower, Sarpsborg (Norway), 2010.

Aires Mateus, Frederico Valsassina, João Nunes, Alcantara Waterwaste Treatment Plant Refurbishment, Lisbon (Portugal), 2011.

J. Mayer H., Rest Stops, Gori (Georgia), 2011.

Atelier SAD, Gas Station, Galanta (Slovakia), 2011.

Cino Zucchi, Entrance to the Vedeggio-Cassarate tunnel, Switzerland (Lugano), 2012.

Arch. Ceppi / Total Tool S.r.l., Geoenergia S.r.l., Starching S.r.l., Villoresi Est, Lainate (Italy), 2012.

Daan Roosegaarde, Smart Highway, Eindhoven (The Netherlands), 2013.

Tesla-Supercharger-station, Tejon Ranch (USA), 2013.

24h > Architecture, Highway Support Center, Assen (The Netherlands), 2014.

Bruno Fioretti Marquez, Periscoper Alptransit-FFS, Pollegio (Switzerland), 2014.

Dietmar Steiner e Verena Konrad, Bus Stop, Kumbrach (Austria), 2014. 

Marte Marte Architects, Control Center, Salzburg (Austria), 2015.

Dhalberg, Krasse and Lagerqvist, Modular Filling Station, Competition Entry, (Norway), 2015.

Malka Portus, Cepsa Gas Station, Adanero (Spain), 2015.

Peddle Thorpe, Service Area, Corio (Australia), 2016.

Daan Roosegaarde, Gates of Light, Afsluitdijk (The Netherlands), 2017.

ANAS + Carlo Ratti Associati, Anas Smart Road, 2018.

Imke Woelk, Hypercity, Bundesautobahn A24, Berlin-Hamburg (Germany), 2018.

Stefano Boeri Architetti, Metrogramma Milano, Inside Outside. Il Parco del Polcevera e il Cerchio Rosso, Genova (Italy), 2019.

PON arquitectos, Rancagua station, Cordoba (Argentina), 2020.